Differences Between Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes

The pancreas, an endocrine gland, produces one of the body’s most important hormones, insulin. Insulin lowers blood sugar levels by allowing cells to accept glucose (sugar) for use as energy. In individuals with diabetes, the pancreas cannot produce insulin. The lack of insulin in the body raises blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia), which can lead to kidney problems, liver problems, vascular disease coma or even death.

Type I Classification

The majority of individuals with Type I diabetes develop the disease as children. Diabetes develops because the lost beta cells in the Islets of Langerhans within the pancreas prohibit insulin production. Individuals with Type I diabetes must be on the lookout for skin disorders, nerve damage in the feet, eye care and maintain good dental health.

Type II Classification

Individuals with Type II diabetes develop the disease through a combination of genetics, poor diet and lack of exercise. The pancreas releases insulin to lower blood sugar levels. Excess fat around the muscles can block the absorption of glucose, making the body insulin-resistant. The glucose remains in the bloodstream, raising blood sugar levels and causing the pancreas to release more insulin. The cycle continues until the body becomes completely immune to the effects of insulin.

Type I Prevention/Solution

Since the beta cells no longer produce insulin, the body must get it from other sources to survive. Insulin cannot be taken orally, as it would be broken down during digestion. Without insulin, the body cannot use glucose for energy; therefore, insulin must be injected into the fat under the skin. Most insulin injections are made from synthetic sources, and a few are made from pigs. Extreme cases can be treated with insulin pumps. Pumps deliver insulin through a catheter placed under the skin.

Type II Prevention/Solution

Type II diabetes develops from insulin resistance. Insulin sensitivity can be restored with modest weight loss; as little as 10 to 15 lbs. can make a difference. Over 90 percent of individuals who lose weight and keep it off do it through a combination of diet and exercise. Until insulin sensitivity is restored, individuals with Type II diabetes may have to take insulin injections.

Misconceptions

Diabetics are no more likely to get the common cold and flu than any other individual. Colds raise blood sugar levels and can be dangerous for diabetics; diabetes does not affect the immune system and is not contagious. Diabetes does not create athersclerosis (hardening of the arteries). However, an obese Type II diabetic is at a greater risk of atherosclerosis than the rest of the population.

Tips for Travel Flight Savings

This is the season to travel. The holiday season is upon us and visions of family and friends dance happily in our heads. It’s a festive time of the year with planning parties, preparing for the family get together, and searching for those perfect gifts that will bring smiles and hugs our way. However, the family and friends we so long to embrace live in a land far, far away and the Christmas cash is limited.

So whether you are currently nodding your head, finding yourself in the same situation, or you simply want to get away from all the crazy, hustle bustle of the holiday rush and snuggle up in a cozy foreign oasis with your love, here are some things to do to find holiday travel savings.

Travel Agent

The most common method travel shoppers utilize is their local travel agent. This is an excellent choice if you are looking for a package that includes hotel accommodations, car rental services, area sightseeing information, etc. However, shop around for the best deals.

Travel agents use the same networks to put together their travel packages. This gives all travel agents access to the same prices. The difference is that travel agents charge varying fees, therefore it is prudent to shop around or even haggle with them to get reduced savings. Check around for those golden travel nuggets of savings.

Even if you are only searching for a flight to your desired destination, you want to shop around for the best deal providing agents. Do a bit of research yourself on some of the different air lines available in your area and then ask the agent a lot of questions. There is a great deal of competition between travel agents during the holidays so they will often take some cuts in commissions themselves if it means grabbing your holiday dollars.

Direct Contact

For those of you that are looking for a simple flight to your beloveds’ destination, contacting the source is often the best way to receive a miracle deal. In essence you are cutting out the middle man. This may take a bit more of your precious holiday time but the results could be well worth it. Again, shop around. Do your research and call around or surf the web. Go directly to the provider. When you find a decent deal, use that as leverage to see if the next air line will beat it. Or sometimes the smart thing to do is take a nice rate and see if you can get a better, more prestigious air line to match it.

Helpful Tips

No matter which way you decide to go, here are some tips for hooking that special deal.

  • Ask Questions – Don’t be shy. Ask the agent or provider a lot of questions. Often times there are numerous discounts available but they are not openly advertised. In this case curiosity keeps the cash.
  • Shop Early – Many airlines offer early bird specials or increase their rates the closer it gets to a scheduled holiday.
  • Be Flexible – Most airlines offer price slashing rates if you take an early or late flight. Also, great discounts are offered when a flight doesn’t have several passengers show up. Stand by is a wonderful way to save if you’re willing to sip a cup of cocoa while waiting.
  • Be Nice – This is a biggie during the season to be jolly or anytime. If you do your holiday shopping with a pleasant, patient attitude then you just might be the bee that finds the honey in holiday travel savings.